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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany found in the catalog.

Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany

James Riedel

Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany

an econometric assessment

by James Riedel

  • 370 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Kiel Institute of World Economics in Kiel .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Germany (West)
    • Subjects:
    • Tariff -- Germany (West) -- Mathematical models.

    • Edition Notes

      Bibliography: leaf [15]

      Statementby James Riedel.
      SeriesKiel working papers ; no. 41, Kieler Arbeitspapiere ;, Arbeitspapier Nr. 41.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHF2106 .R53
      The Physical Object
      Pagination13, [2] leaves ;
      Number of Pages13
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4950312M
      LC Control Number76378442

      General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Worldwide Synopsis. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was created after World War II as one of three international organizations intended to oversee postwar economic relations; the other two were the International Monetary Fund and the World idea of such an organization first . USITC Publications Archive (). Publications *HeinOnline holds 3, of the 4, publications to date. A full list of each publication published is provided. If your library is in possession of any of these missing publications and is willing to donate and/or lend to use for digitization, please contact us by phone: or email: [email protected] Countries exchanged some 8, tariff concessions, cutting the tariff levels by 25% Geneva II: January 5 months: Tariffs, admission of Japan: $ billion in tariff reductions Dillon: September 11 months: Tariffs: Tariff concessions worth $ billion of world trade Kennedy: May 37 months: Tariffs, anti-dumping. Tariff -- Ireland. See also what's at your library, or elsewhere. Broader terms: Tariff; Tariff -- Europe; Ireland; Filed under: Tariff -- Ireland. Whereas the late farmers of His.


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Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany by James Riedel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Interindustry variation in reductions in nominal tariffs, effective tariffs and total (tariff and nontariff) protection in West Germany consequent on Kennedy Round concessions are analyzed and compared to a similar analysis of United States by: Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany: An econometric assessment It is well documented that the structure of tariffs in industrialized countries affords the greatest protection to relatively (unskilled) labor-intensive branches of industry (Constantopoulos3 and references therein).

While progress on the latter objective has been modest (Murry, ), great gains have been achieved in lowering tariff barriers. The most significant advances in this regard were effected in the GATT Kennedy Round (), which produced an average 35 percent reduction in tariff Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany book of non-agricultural products by far and away exceeding any reductions negotiated in Author: James Riedel.

TARIFF CONCESSIONS IN THE KENNEDY ROUND AND THE STRUCTURE OF PROTECTION IN WEST GERMANY: AN ECONOMETRIC ASSESSMENT* I. Introduction It is well documented that the structure of tariffs in industrialized countries affords the greatest protection to relatively (unskilled) labor-intensive branches of industry (Constantopoulos3.

Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany: An econometric assessment Kiel Working Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) View citations (1) See also Journal Article in Journal of International Economics ().

Pages (May ) Download full issue. Previous vol/issue. select article Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany: An econometric assessment Research article Full text access Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany book and the structure of protection in West Germany: An econometric.

This paper develops the “trade power index” (TPI), which is similar in computation but not in interpretation to the Shapley-Shubik power index, to analyze the tariff reductions made by the US, the UK, and the EEC at the Kennedy Round as multilateral, Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany book actions.

Reidel, J. () Tariff Concessions in the Kennedy Round and the Structure of Protection in West Germany: An Economic Assessment’, Journal of International Economics, 7 (May), pp. – CrossRef Google ScholarCited by: The Road to Tolerance and Understanding.

Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany protection in West Germany consequent on Kennedy Round. Sweden, U.K., United States, and West Germany. Ray, "The Optimum Commodity Tariff and Tariff Rates in Developed and Less Developed Countries," Review of Economics and Statistics 56 (): ; Ray, "Tariff and Nontariff Barriers in the United States and Abroad," ibid.

63 (): Ray's finding. Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany. on Kennedy Round concessions are analyzed and. " Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany: An econometric assessment," Kiel Working Pap Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

Trefler, Daniel, The Kennedy Round was the sixth session of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) multilateral trade negotiations held between and in Geneva, Switzerland.

Congressional passage of the U.S. Trade Expansion Act in authorized the White House to conduct mutual tariff negotiations, ultimately leading to the Kennedy Round.

Participation greatly increased over previous rounds. The results for tariff changes, as measured by the breadth of concessions, reveal little change in the motives behind negotiators in the Kennedy Round. Although special interests were inspired by the opportunity to negotiate in these talks the eventual outcome shows an overall maintenance of the pre-round determination of tariffs.

Tariff Trade Restriction in the United States, 89 J. POL. EON. ( 1)[hereinafter Determinants of Tariff]; Riedel, Tariff Concessions in the Kennedy Round and the Structure of Protection in West Germany, 7 J. INT'L ECON.

(); Stem, The US. Tariff and the Efficiency of the U.S. Econ-omy, 54 AM. ECON. by: Riedel, James, “Tariff Concessions in the Kennedy Round and the Structure of Protection in West Germany: An Econometric Assessment”, Journal of International Economies (Amsterdam), vol.

7, n° 2 (), p. – “Tariff Concessions in the Kennedy Round and the Structure Protection in West Germany: An Econometric Assessment”, Journal of International Economics, Vol. 7, MayFifth Round: Once again held in Geneva, Negotiations made on the new common external tariff of the European Community, set up inand cut custom duties for 4, items worth $5 billion.

Sixth Round: Popularly known as “Kennedy Round”, held in Geneva, countries) to take advantage of the tariff concessions granted by Japan in the Kennedy Round.

Manual for the Systemization of Distribution by Industry (Camera. From his study related to the protection in seven major competitors to the United States, Ray found that skilled labour cost due to tariff structure in these countries reflected the relative importance of skilled labour in their export-industries.

The inter-industry pattern of protection in Britain was studied by Greenaway and Milner in   Tariff Concessions in the Kennedy Round and the Structure of Protection in West Germany.

Journal of International Economics, 7: – Salisbury, Robert H. An Exchange Theory of Interest Groups. Midwest Journal of Political Science, 1 Cited by:   A similar set of concepts has been central to the literatures on the formation of trade policy coalitions and the “new economics of institutions”: Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany.

Journal of International Economics, 7, Google Scholar Cited by:   General agreement on tariffs and trade 1. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia V T EGATT and WTO trade rounds[2] Name Start Duration Countries Subjects covered Achievements Geneva April 7 months 23 Tariffs Signing of GATT, 45, tariff concessions affecting $10 billion of trade Annecy April 5.

•Third Round at Torquay U K •The contracting parties exchanged some concessions. •Fourth Round at Geneva, Switzerland. •Got some $ billion worth of tariff reduction.

6 •Fifth Round, Dillon round •Tariff concessions worth $ billion of world trade 19 6 0 12/18/ Kartikeya Singh Tariff concessions in the Kennedy Round and the structure of protection in West Germany: An econometric assessment J Riedel Journal of International Economics 7 (2),General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or on: Geneva, Geneva Canton, Switzerland.

A series of negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) that began in Uruguay in and concluded in with agreement to create the World Trade Organization. This followed earlier GATT negotiations such as the Kennedy Round and the Tokyo Round. As the developing countries noted at the outset of the Kennedy Round, in past tariff negotiations under the GATT, products of special interest to less-developed countries had tended to be excluded from the tariff concessions made by the developed countries, with the result that tariffs on products of special interest to them tended to be Cited by: 3.

First negotiation round of GATT was held at Geneva in with 23 member countries which targeted 10 billion US dollars of trade worked on tariff line concessions. Seventh round of negotiation of GATT took place at Tokyo in having 99 member countries which worked on tariff lines and targeted billion US dollars of trade.

Moreover, the use of tariff averages as a measure of tariff protection gives a distorted picture of the situation facing Latin America even after the Kennedy Round because it obfuscates the spread of tariff rates still remaining among both products and industrial countries.

Data presented in Table illustrate this point. A series of negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) that began in Uruguay in and concluded in with agreement to create the World Trade Organization.

The Uruguay Round followed earlier GATT negotiations such as the Kennedy Round and the Tokyo Round. The Kennedy Round was the sixth session of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) multilateral trade negotiations held between and in Geneva, Switzerland.

Congressional passage of the U.S. Trade Expansion Act in authorized the White House to conduct mutual tariff negotiations, ultimately leading to the Kennedy Round. Note: If you are experiencing difficulties downloading the files listed below using Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox, please try to access the files using Internet Explorer.

If the problem persist follow these steps: 1. right click the file and choose the option 'Save target as ' 2. save the file to a desired location on your computer 3.

open the file that was saved on your computer. –61 Dillon Round (Geneva) Tariffs 26 –67 Kennedy Round (Geneva) Tariffs and antidumping 62 measures –79 Tokyo Round (Geneva). General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Thirty-eight countries took part in the round.

8, tariff concessions were made totaling the remaining amount of tariffs to ¾ of the tariffs which were in effect in By the Kennedy round (–67), the average tariff levels of GATT participants were about 15%.

After Kennedy's death, President Lyndon B. Johnson pushed through a new round of tariff bargaining that culminated in a multilateral trade negotiation known as the Kennedy Round.

The agreement, reached on 30 Junereduced tariff duties an average of about 35 percent on s items representing an estimated $40 billion in world trade. When products enter the EU, they need to be declared to customs according to their classification in the Combined Nomenclature (CN).

The CN document is updated and published every year, and the latest version can be found on the European Commission's website. U.S. exporters should consult “The Integrated Tariff of the Community”, referred to as TARIC (Tarif Intégré de la.

Per cent of HS six-digit subheadings in the schedule of agricultural concession covered by tariff quotas. Partial coverage is taken into account on a pro rata basis.

AG: Special safeguards (in %) Per cent of HS six-digit subheadings in the schedule of agricultural concessions with at least one tariff line subject to Special Safeguards (SSG).

Thirty-eight countries took part in the round. 8, tariff concessions were made totaling the remaining amount of tariffs to ¾ of the tariffs which were in effect in The contemporaneous rejection by the U.S. of the Havana Charter signified the establishment of the GATT as a governing world body.

Pair your accounts. Export articles to Mendeley. Get article recommendations from ACS based on references in your Mendeley library. The Working Tariff Document of New Zealand is a pdf of two legislative bases, namely – the Tariff Act and the Customs & Excise Act The Working Tariff Document of New Zealand (WTD) has been reprinted due to the significant changes introduced under the Tariff (CPTPP) Amendment Order Tariff -- Germany.

See also what's at your library, or elsewhere. Broader terms: Tariff; Tariff -- Europe; Germany; Narrower terms: Tariff -- Germany -- History; Customs unions Federal and State Tariffs Ebook & Services Price Guides Tariffs on this website are electronic representations of tariffs on file with state public utility commissions and are not the official documents; users assume sole responsibility for use and reliance on individual tariffs listed here.